Young Seals on the Beach: Doing the Right Thing!
Every year, the months of May and June represent the pupping season for harbour seals. During this period, the Quebec Marine Mammal Emergency Response Network receives numerous calls to report young pups observed alone on the shores of the St. Lawrence.
For 4 to 6 weeks, the young pups will be nursed by their mothers and will put on 0.5-0.6 kg a day. After spending two weeks nursing her offspring, the mother resumes feeding for periods of up to seven hours, mainly during the day.
Young are left alone on the rocks or on the beach for hours or even days, but should not be necessarily be considered to have been abandoned. The mother may be close by, even if she is out of sight. Some observers may be misled by the behaviour of these cute little furballs, which they see “whining” or sleeping lifelessly on the beach. These signals do not necessarily mean that the seal is in distress.
Why is it best to leave seals alone? Veterinarians and specialists explain.
If a seal is constantly approached, it will not have the chance to rest or resume contact with its mother.
A certain percentage of young seals die every year, which is natural. The animal will have a greater chance of survival if it is left alone. “Repeated interactions with a seal can prevent the animal from resting, and the stress triggered by human presence can make the individual more prone to disease or predation,” explains veterinarian Stéphane Lair of the Centre québécois sur la santé des animaux sauvages and professor of Université de Montréal’s Faculty of Veterinary Medicine.
“One must avoid the mindset whereby the young have been abandoned: human presence near the young frightens the mother, a seal left to fend for itself is concerning to local residents who try to help it by moving it or prodding it toward the water, which considerably reduces the chances that the female will return”.
What should you do if you see a young seal on the beach?
+ Keep your distance (at least 50 metres), and, ideally, leave the area so that the mother can return to the pup and the latter can rest. If the seal follows you, leave the area immediately.
+ It is unlawful to handle the seal, force it back into the water or interact with it in any way.
+ Do not attempt to feed the seal. Its survival depends on a high-fat diet provided by its mother. Seals during this period are not weaned and exposing them to unsuitable foods could be detrimental to their health.
+ Caution! Seals are wild animals that are unpredictable and can become aggressive or bite. Even if they are small and often appear harmless and endearing, seals have teeth and are capable of defending themselves.
+ Keep dogs on a leash. A dog left to roam free might approach the seal, increasing the latter’s stress levels and provoking aggressive reactions that might cause injury to your pet.
When should one call Marine Mammal Emergencies at 1-877-7baleine?
Seals’ lives are split between the water and the land, where they come to rest. It is therefore completely normal to see a seal out of the water. Certain situations are problematic, however, and should be reported:
+ If you see a seal with obvious signs of injury;
+ If people are handling or attempting to interact with the seal;
+ If the seal is showing aggressive behaviour toward the public.
If this is the case, dial 1-877-7baleine. It will be important to answer a few questions and provide the following information:
+ Photos and videos of the animal in order to observe its behaviour (do not attempt to get closer to the seal to take pictures)
+ Location of the seal
+ Human traffic on the beach
+ Presence of other seals in the area
Based on this information, the call centre teams and volunteers will head out to the site to observe the seal, ensure the animal is not being handled, as well as educate the public as to how to behave around these species. In the event the seal shows signs of distress, a veterinarian will be requested to assess the animal’s state of health and decide on the appropriate response.
Anthony François is a GREMM research assistant and has been a call centre agent at the Quebec Marine Mammal Emergency Response Network (QMMERN) since 2017. Biochemist and biologist by training, he came to realize the importance of popular science and public awareness raising in the course of pursuing his Master’s degree. Anthony is responsible for the Marine Mammal Emergencies column.